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Dr. Michel Besserve

Address: Spemannstr. 38
72076 Tübingen
Room number: 236
Phone: +49 7071 601 541
Fax: +49 7071 601 552
E-Mail: michel.besserve
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Picture of Besserve, Michel, Dr.

Michel Besserve

Position: Postdoctoral Fellow  Unit: Schölkopf Logothetis

My project focuses on developing new methodologies for quantifying interactions between neural populations from electrophysiology data.

Sensory systems are typically considered as hierarchically organized feed forward streams, such as the retino-geniculate pathway and its follow-up ventral and dorsal streams that pass information from thalamus to a large number of cortical areas. Yet, connectivity in cortex is strictly bidirectional, and for each pair of interconnected cortical regions there is also a parallel cortical-thalamo-cortical path. At a smaller spatial scale, the neural tissue is locally organized in microcircuits of strongly interconnected populations of inhibitory and excitatory neurons.

Understanding how information is processed in this highly recurrent brain network thus requires a fine quantification of its functional and causal interactions. To achieve this, I develop new statistical analysis techniques for neurophysiology data. In particular, I use information theory and kernel methods to detect dependencies in experimental time series.

For more information, please visit my homepage.

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Articles (7):

Balduzzi D Person, Ortega PA Person and Besserve M Person (2013) Metabolic cost as an organizing principle for cooperative learning Advances in Complex Systems 16.
Laurent F , Valderrama M , Besserve M Person, Guillard M , Lachaux J-P , Martinerie J and Florence G (2013) Multimodal information improves the rapid detection of mental fatigue Biomedical Signal Processing and Control 8(4) 400 - 408.
Logothetis NK Person, Eschenko O Person, Murayama Y Person, Augath M Person, Steudel T Person, Evrard HC Person, Besserve M Person and Oeltermann A Person (2012) Hippocampal-Cortical Interaction during Periods of Subcortical Silence Nature 491 547-553.
Besserve M Person, Martinerie J and Garnero L (2011) Improving quantification of functional networks with EEG inverse problem: Evidence from a decoding point of view NeuroImage 55(4) 1536-1547.
Chavez M , Besserve M Person and Le Van Quyen M (2011) Dynamics of excitable neural networks with heterogeneous connectivity Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 105(1-2) 29-33.
Besserve M Person and Martinerie J (2011) Extraction of functional information from ongoing brain electrical activity: Extraction en temps-réel d'informations fonctionnelles à partir de l'activité électrique cérébrale IRBM 32(1) 27-34.
Besserve M Person, Schölkopf B Person, Logothetis NK Person and Panzeri S Person (2010) Causal relationships between frequency bands of extracellular signals in visual cortex revealed by an information theoretic analysis Journal of Computational Neuroscience 29(3) 547-566.

Conference papers (3):

Besserve M Person, Logothetis N Person and Schölkopf B Person (2013) Statistical analysis of coupled time series with Kernel Cross-Spectral Density operators In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 26, (Ed) C.J.C. Burges, L. Bottou, M. Welling, Z. Ghahramani and K.Q. Weinberger, 27th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2013), 2535--2543.
Balduzzi D Person and Besserve M Person (2012) Towards a learning-theoretic analysis of spike-timing dependent plasticity In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 25, (Ed) P Bartlett, FCN Pereira, CJC. Burges, L Bottou and KQ Weinberger, 26th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2012), Curran Associates Inc., 2465--2473.
Besserve M Person, Janzing D Person, Logothetis NK Person and Schölkopf B Person (2011) Finding dependencies between frequencies with the kernel cross-spectral density IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2011), IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, 2080-2083.

Posters (7):

Besserve M Person (2014): Characterization of different types of sharp-wave ripple signatures in the CA1 of the macaque hippocampus, 4th German Neurophysiology PhD Meeting Networks 2013, Tübingen, Germany.
Ramirez-Villegas JF Person, Logothetis NK Person and Besserve M Person (2014): Cluster analysis of sharp-wave ripple field potential signatures in the macaque hippocampus, Computational and Systems Neuroscience Meeting (COSYNE 2014), Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
Safavi S Person, Panagiotaropoulos T Person, Kapoor V Person, Logothetis NK Person and Besserve M Person (2013): Analyzing locking of spikes to spatio-temporal patterns in the macaque prefrontal cortex, Bernstein Conference 2013, Tübingen, Germany.
Besserve M Person, Bartels A Person, Murayama Y Person and Logothetis NK Person (2012): Centrality of the Mammalian Functional Brain Network, 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2012), New Orleans, LA, USA.
Besserve M Person, Panagiotaropoulos T Person, Crocker B Person, Kapoor V Person, Tolias A Person, Panzeri S Person and Logothetis NK Person (2012): Identifying endogenous rhythmic spatio-temporal patterns in micro-electrode array recordings, 9th annual Computational and Systems Neuroscience meeting (Cosyne 2012), Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
Panagiotaropoulos T Person, Besserve M Person, Crocker B Person, Kapoor V Person, Tolias AS Person, Panzeri S Person and Logothetis NK Person (2011): Spatiotemporal mapping of rhythmic activity in the inferior convexity of the macaque prefrontal cortex, 41st Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2011), Washington, DC, USA.
Besserve M Person, Murayama Y Person, Schölkopf B Person, Logothetis NK Person and Panzeri S Person (2010): High frequency phase-spike synchronization of extracellular signals modulates causal interactions in monkey primary visual cortex, 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2010), San Diego, CA, USA.

Talks (1):

Panagiotaropoulos T Person, Besserve M Person and Logothetis NK Person (2012): Beta oscillations propagate as traveling waves in the macaque prefrontal cortex, 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2012), New Orleans, LA, USA.

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